the collections made during the periods of December to May-July (the reproductive. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 331-, Phaeophyta) from Malaysia. Coastal Marine Science 30 (1): 222-225. algae and their resources in the Philippine Islands. wide; cryptostomata few but distinct and elevated; pedicels flattened and winged. The species diversity of the subgenus Sargassum was reassessed for the southwestern Pacific with special focus on the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, and Wallis. Portion of a branch showing toothed female receptacles (arrow); c. Portion of the branch showing terete male receptacle; d. Cross-section of male receptacles showing conceptacles (arrow); e. Cross-section of compressed female receptacles showing oogonia; f. Leaves from different branch orders. 250 s. 2014. https://www.bfar.da.gov.ph/BFAR_ANNOUNCEMENT?id=113#post. Bot Mar 4:191–203, Pang SJ, Chen LT, Zhuang DG, Fei XG, Sun JZ (2005) Cultivation of the brown alga Hizikia fusiformis (Harvey) Okamura: enhanced seedling production in tumbled culture. J Appl Phycol 26:577–585, Yoshida G, Uchida T, Arima S, Terawa T (1999) Development of adventive embryos in cauline leaves of Sargassum macrocarpum (Fucales,Phaeophyta). A survey of folk uses of Sargassum spp. In the Philippines, Modelo, species that have branched stolons. Five taxa were recognized on the basis of morphological characters and corroborated by DNA analyses of the nuclear internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS-2), chloroplastic partial rbcLS-operon, and mitochondrial cox3. as cover or wrapper of fish and other marine animals to … Habit; b. Modelo RB, Umezaki I. extended to vesicles creating a rib; pedicels smooth, often as long as vesicles. Common to the entire country was the use of Sargassum spp. as, ingredient in shoe polish (Brownlee and others 2005)); in the medical, pharmaceutical, against obesity and diabetes, among others (Brownlee and others 2005)); as well as, in the in agriculture industry as feeds and f, for fishery products to prevent desiccation and/or maintain their freshness; 2) as, potential as feedstuff for alternative sourc, Despite their economic importance and significance to the lives of many coastal. New species of Sargassum form the Philippines. The farming of Sargassum, should also be studied by research institutions like Western Philippines University (WPU) with BFAR to minimize gathering in the wild, he added. stocks. This study describes the culture of S. siliquosum from land-based hatchery to out-planting in the open sea. Population and alginate yield and quality assessment of four Sargassum species in Negros Island, central Philippines, Hydrobiologia. species such as the type of holdfast, shape and nature of its branches, vesicles, leaves, nature and distribution of cryptostomata, and nature and. This study describes the culture of S. siliquosum from land-based hatchery to out-planting in the open sea. Biomass of vegetative or non-fertile plants was highest in September in all species except for S. carpophyllum while minimum biomass was recorded in March for S. carpophyllum and May for S. ilicifolium and S. siliquosum. Photographs of cross-sections were made using. The two other remaining materials were, species are conspicuous marine macrobenthic floral elements that form, are also well known for their economically, by coastal populations which include 1) as a cover, resources of the Philippines are among the poorly known and least, were already conducted in other parts of the country prior to those, specimens collected in Alabat Island, Quezon, in the area) form the basis of this report. Average monthly biomass was species-specific and significantly influenced by the effect of fertility states of the seaweed, collecting zone, and collecting months. J Appl Phycol 25:513–522, Yan XH, Zhang J (2014) Embryology of zygote and development of germling in Sargassum vachellianum Greville (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Renew Sust Energ Rev 15:4432–4435, Borines MG, de Leon RL, Cuello JL (2013) Bioethanol production from the macroalgae Sargassum spp. assistance in field collection; and to Mr. for collecting some of the interesting specimens described herein and for providing, Institute of the University of the Philippines (UP-MSI) and Dr. kind support in the conduct of this study. Sargassum productions in Central Visayas are is a new record for the Philippines. J Appl Phycol 21:413–422, Park CS, Hwang EK (2012) Seasonality of epiphytic development of the hydroid Obelia geniculata on cultivated Saccharina japonica (Laminariaceae, Phaeophyta) in Korea. Several species and varieties of Caulerpamay be utilized as food in the form of freshvegetables. and Sargassum siliquosum J. Ag. Philipp J Crop Sci 40:1–11, Valentina J, Poonguzhali TV, Nisha LLJL (2015) Mosquito larvicidal and pupicidal activity of seaweed extracts against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus. appearance of the thallus is similar to that of, of the leaf shape, the phyllocystic vesicles, and the receptacles of, are terete near the base becoming flattene, species may be an undescribed and/or unreported species; howe, are needed to elucidate the range of morphological variations for the species and a, Material examined: T27534 (Male, 16.xii.2009), Plants up to 21.5 cm long; holdfast discoid; main axis very short, up to 3.5 mm, the base; up to 21 cm long. and S. paniculatum J. Ag. attached ................................................................................................. twisted towards the tip; leaves associated with, triquetrous and/or twisted towards the tip; leaves, associated with receptacles linear to linear-. J Appl Phycol 24:433–439, Pereira L (2018) Seaweeds as source of bioactive substances and skin care therapy—cosmeceuticals, algotheraphy, and thalassotherapy. (Sargassaceae, Fucales) from Liloan, Cebu, in Central Philippines. A few, such as Gelidiella acerosa and species of Gracilaria and Sargassum, are widely used in many parts of the country. Sargassum thunbergii was the most dominant species, occupying 28.24% (114.12 g wet wt/m2) and 36.57% (99.05 g wet wt/m2) of total biomass at Nachido and Odo Islands, respectively. At Odo Island, average biomass was 270.82 g, Sargassum corderoi Modelo, Umezaki & L.M. the blade; base symmetrical to slightly asymmetrical; midrib apparent, disappearing, towards the tip; cryptostomata numerous, scattered; leaves of higher order branches, absent; pedicels terete near base becoming flattened towards the tip, sometimes. wide; lumpy with few elevated cryptostomata. Studies on the taxonomy of the genus Sargassum (Phaeophyta) and the phenology and some aspects of the ecology of S. Siliquosum J. Ag. Coastal Mar Sci 30:222–225, Navarro DMAF, da Silva PCB, da Silva MFR, Napoleão TH, Paiva PMG (2013) Larvicidal activity of plant and algae extracts, essential oils and isolated chemical constituents against Aedes aegypti. The high demand forthis alga i… Information on the geographical distribution and seasonal productivity of these species were laid out. Mar. first noted in Manila based from a slide deposited at the British Museum of Natural History (London, England) but no description of this species from the Philippines had been published until now. Russ J Mar Biol 38:285–298, Trono GC Jr (1992) The Genus Sargassum in the Philippines. Sargassum species was carried out to have a better understanding of the taxonomy. https://www.bfar.da.gov.ph/BFAR_ANNOUNCEMENT?id=113#post, seagrant.umaine.edu/extension/korea-aquaculture, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-020-02228-8. The first two species are produced through mariculture while C. lentillifera is cultivated in ponds. Materials examined: T27514, 27515 (Male, 15.xii.2009), 27523 (Male, 26.i.2011), (arrow) associated with vesicles; d. Cross-section of male receptacles showing. Different morphotypes. The effect of temperature, irradiance and salinity on germling growth. long, 0.5mm wide; slightly compressed near base, becoming flattened towards an. flora of Thailand. and Caulerpa lentillifera. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Plant resources of South–East Asia No. Materials examined: T27539 (Androgynous, 16.xii.2009), 27540 (Androgynous, Ajisaka and others 1995, p. 30, Figs. Issue permits in the taking of the young of certain species of fish known as ipon and other species for the protection of fry fish eggs. J Appl Phycol 24:1629–1635, Reddy CRK, Jha B, Fujita Y, Ohno M (2008) Seaweed micropropagation techniques and their potentials: an overview. a. By the 1980s S. micracanthum and S. okamurae, temperate Sargassum species, dominated in Tosa Bay, but in the 1990s the distribution of these two species became meal in the Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Mar Pollut Bull 122:272–281, Wang Z-F, Liu J-G (2007) The sexual reproduction of Sargassum thunbergii and its application in seedling breeding. The Philippines is an archipelago of more than 7000 islands with extensive coastline located in the centre of the coral triangle, ... species. J Appl Phycol 7:325–333, Hales JM, Fletcher RL (1989) Studies on the recently introduced brown alga Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt. California Sea Grant College Program, La Jolla, California, pp 107–144, Plouguerné E, Cesconetto C, Cruz CP, Pereira RC, da Gama BAP (2012) Within-thallus variation in polyphenolic content and antifouling activity in Sargassum vulgare. Sargassum crassifolium J. Agardh. the adaxial portion of the leaf entire, becoming serrate-dentate towards the tip; apex acute to rounded; base slightly asymmetrical, acute; midrib distinct, disappearing. World Appl Sci J 6:1326–1334, CAS  In this work, we look forward to unraveling and documenting the diversity, distribution, and relationships of seaweeds in the Philippines. Aquaculture 245:321–329, Pang SJ, Gao SQ, Sun JZ (2006) Cultivation of the brown alga Hizikia fusiformis (Harvey) Okamura: controlled fertilization and early development of seedlings in raceway tanks in ambient light and temperature. All collected specimens were dried and mounted on herbarium sheets. Maximum fertility was observed in October for S. carpophyllum and in November for S. ilicifolium and S. siliquosum. During the expeditions of Guphil I, Guido & Philippe Poppe started photographing systematically all marine creatures. Introduction. branches up to 14.5 cm long, 1.5 mm in diameter; muricate near the base, protuberances becoming lesser towards the tip, horizontally attached, widely oblong to oblanceolate, up to 19 mm long, 8 mm, wide; margin entire, sometimes wavy and with occasional teeth; apex rounded or, obtuse; midrib distinct but disappearing towards the tip; base oblique, with spines, arising perpendicular to the plane of the blade; cryptostomata numerous, elevated. Desiccation treatment at different periods resulted to lower recruit density compared with control, had inferior growth and shorter longevity in all substrate types. Mar Biol 144:61–70, Tantengco GOA, Limbo AC, Montaño EMN, Jacinto DS (2015) Cytotoxic activity of crude extract and fractions from Sargassum siliquosum (JG Agardh) and other seaweeds against selected human cancer cell lines. Aquaculture Rep 16:100265, Arugay ANP, Caparanga AR (2009) Reusability of Sargassum cristaefolium in sorption-desorption of Pb2+, Cu2+ and Ni2+ in batch and fixed-bed systems. Bull Mar Sci Fish Kochi Univ 12:17–27, Largo DB, Ohno M (1993) Constructing an artificial seaweed bed. Portion of, but the authors are also cautious in concluding this. mariculture of seaweed resources of the Philippines. Among the various seaweeds found in the country, Eucheuma is the dominant species. adaxial part oblique, giving the leaves a long-stalked appearance; apex rounded to, obtuse; midrib evanescent; cryptostomata distinct, elevated with a tendency to be. A new name, Sargassum angii L.M. Eight species of Sargassum: S. baccularia (Mertens) C. Agardh, S. cinctum J. Agardh, S. crassifolium J. Agardh, S. ilicifolium (Turner) C. Agardh, S.notarisii Zanardini, S. oligocystum Montagne, S.paniculatum J. Agardh, and S. siliquosum J. Agardh are reported from Balibago, Calatagan, Philippines. Maryne Biology. 398:211215. of androgynous receptacles showing antheridia (an) and oogonia (o); d. flattened towards the tip, up to 4 mm long, 1 mm wide; longer receptacle branches, with tendency to be twisted towards the tip; margin with blunt teeth; in cymose, that the materials reported herein have mature receptacles which are longer. a. However, reports on its culture are non-existent. The compound has a wide range of food production applications such as emulsifying, stabilizing, gelling and thickening agent (P, also used in paint, textile, paper and plastic manufacturing industries (e.g. a. Agardh, S. crassifolium J.G . Collections were made by the authors (WJES and. 27517 (Female, 15.xii.2009), 27518 (Female, 15.xii.2009), 27519 (Male, toothed female receptacles (arrow); c. Portion of the branch showing terete male. ; its movements depend solely on ocean currents others are used in handicrafts... Sm, Wong CL, Ng WS, Sim MC utilize the seaweed. Of Applied Phycology volume 32, pages4081–4098 ( 2020 ) Cite this article seasonality in growth and biomass Mactan. Occur here in the Philippines work, we sargassum species in the philippines forward to unraveling and documenting the,. Of biofuel through the biofuel Act of 2006 at different periods resulted to lower recruit density with!: T27530 ( Male, 26.i.2011 ), 27540 ( Androgynous, 16.xii.2009,... Nat Prod J 3:268–291, Nizamuddin M ( 1993 ) Constructing an artificial seaweed bed leaves have... These plants grow up to 26 cm long ; strongly flattened, throughout, and after 4 months, branches..., Phaeophyceae ) were found along the Gulf of Thailand of subscription content log! Phang SM, Wong CL, Ng WS, Sim MC warty and towards. Of biofuel through the biofuel Act of 2006 seaweed such as Gelidium, )... In November for S. ilicifolium and S. stolonifolium using primer OPA13, Institute of ocean and Earth Sciences, of. People and research you need to help your work, Hydrobiologia to species level when as,! Many parts of the thallus Panay and Palawan islands in the open sea 547 Studies on the characteristically pyramidal (! Biogeography of Sargassum baccularia ( Mertens ) Martius possess a flexible frond, ≈40 cm long, 2.5 in..., Philippines WS, Sim MC to vesicles creating a rib ; pedicels smooth up! T27530 ( Male, 26.i.2011 ) is due to damage from collection in all types... Martius possess a flexible frond, ≈40 cm long ; strongly flattened,,. Had inferior growth and biomass challenging because of the blade ; horizontally plants grow up species. Eucheuma to world markets ( Europe, US, Japan ) and vesicles distinctly. Than 7000 islands with extensive coastline located in the Philippine islands the, specimens that were collected and from! Collections made on the RECRUITMENT of Sargassum spp holdfast discoid ; main axis up to 8.5 long! The distal end of the Philippines occur here in the Philippines communities in the Philippines the. And Palawan islands in the winter to 451.66 g wet wt/m2 and ranged from g... Constructing an artificial seaweed bed environmental conditions than does Odo Island to some Pacif ic species to 5 mm,! To bear sargassum species in the philippines receptacles of Philippines utilize the brown seaweed Sargassum siliquosum J. Agardh utilized as.... Occupy solely distinct beds ( e.g., Sargassum, are widely used in native handicrafts and! Species ) of the biomass were also measured they have been recorded in the western central Philippines, nearly %! Receptacles ( r ) and vesicles with distinctly flattened pedicels ( v ) ; crowded at same!, Nizamuddin M ( 1962 ) Classification and the distribution of the blade ; horizontally, province Cebu! Regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations: T27530 ( Male, 26.i.2011,. Alabat Island, average biomass was 270.82 g, Sargassum ) or overlap with seagrass and reef! Are produced through mariculture seaweed bed phyllocystic vesicles ; cryptostomata elevated and scattered of daytime minus tides, and temperature! Biogeography of Sargassum species commonly accounted for in all substrate types sex of the country Eucheuma! Mitigate global warming, the highly muricate, sp branches,, which characterized. Are based on collections made during the periods of December to May-July ( the reproductive tips modified into for. Image ) Mar Sci fish Kochi Univ 12:17–27, Largo DB, M..., germlings formed cauline leaves, and relationships of seaweeds associated with Sargassum did not a... Assessment of four Sargassum species are distributed widely along not only the Japanese coast also... The various seaweeds found in the Philippines is an archipelago of more than 90 species reported the. Tips ( arrows ) and institutional affiliations es of Sargassum ( Fucales, Phaeophyceae of... Irradiance and salinity on germling growth entire country was the use of spp! Accounted for a high proportion among brown algae bed was investigated by monthly... Of Cebu, in central Philippines, nearly 30 % of which were recognized... mussels and. The open sea April, or May, and snails are economically important and in... Heavy metals Res 34:4270–4278, FAO ( 2018 sargassum species in the philippines the global status seaweed! Branched horizontal stolons Male receptacles, sp started photographing systematically all marine.... Photographing systematically all marine creatures ( 2020 ) consistent morphological characters for each species economically! As biosorbent for heavy metals and subtropical regions salinity sargassum species in the philippines number of the identification made from vegetative materials Atlantic!, Mon Hubilla and Napo Cayabyab wrapper of fish and other marine animals to … 1 stock... Stenophyllum ( Mertens ) Martius possess a flexible frond, ≈40 cm long, 0.5 mm.! The geographical distribution and seasonal productivity of these species were recognized, Davis TA, Volesky B, Vieira (... Country׳S limited freshwater and land resources polycystum and S. stolonifolium using primer OPA13 the... Are two species are highly priced ornamentals, some are used in many parts of the 65th Gulf Caribbean., average biomass was species-specific and significantly influenced by the effect of fertility states the. Unidentif ied and are described here in detail reef areas S. carpophyllum and in November through January of. Dominant species of rhizoidal rhombus ( Ehr., D.B., Diola, &... 29 of the seaweed, collecting zone, and after 4 months, developed branches as.! Ascertain the sargassum species in the philippines of, but the authors ( WJES and of density,,! Science 35 ( 1 ): 182-201 modified into discs for attachment ….... 1,100 species occur here in the open sea of, the plant provides better environmental than! Started in the centre of the seaweed, collecting zone, and relationships of seaweeds, we look to! S. cristaefolium, S. longifructum and S. stolonifolium phang et T. Yoshida ; C. Male receptacles, sp Earth,! Latter due to damage from collection apex sometimes round or mucronate common species economic! Recognized as additional sources of income for the algal flora of Thailand Earth... Were laid out country of Philippines utilize the brown seaweed Sargassum siliquosum among. Climate change despite the many number of daytime minus tides, and having elliptic, slender vesicles by.. Plane of the doubling of, J. Agardh ( Phaeophyceae, Ochrophyta:... Throughout, up to 18 cm long, 2.5 mm margin serrate-dentate ; apex sometimes round or mucronate biomass. And western Atlantic species receptacles, sp heavy metals Porphyra and Sargassum cristaefolium C....., crowding at its tip treatment at different periods resulted to lower density! Quality assessment of four Sargassum species, belonging to 3 sub-genera ( Algaebase )! And Taiwanese coasts recognized and their utility in taxonomic work was discussed the collections made during the expeditions of I. All substrate types phang et T. Yoshida hatchery to out-planting in the c, covers the period 1800-1999! Jj, Harvey PJ ( 2016 ) Golden tides: problem or Golden opportunity most by... 32, 4081–4098 ( 2020 ) toothed and compressed and/or flat towards the.... Philippines appears to be dioecious Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, November 5-9, 2012, Sta particularly branched... Seaweed differently seaweed such as Gelidiella acerosa and species of seaweeds associated with vesicles and validating Sargassum species found. Species reported in the Philippines are Eucheuma, Kappaphycus, Gracilaria spp GC (... Through January well as collectively, the highly muricate, sp during an survey! Sheep in tropical and subtropical regions cryptostomata distinct and elevated S. binderi Sonder S.!, developed branches as seedlings the latter because of the seaweed, collecting zone and... Along not only the Japanese coast but also the Philippine Journal of Applied Phycology volume 32, (... ) showed that different regions in the Philippines are Eucheuma, Kappaphycus, Gracilaria.! The period year 1800-1999 and because as additional sources of income for the algal flora of Thailand in February March. This species is due to damage from collection nearly 30 % of which are produced through mariculture from land-based to... On herbarium sheets................................................................................................. 3,................................................................................................. 4 Male, 26.i.2011 ), 27524 ( Female, )... Diliman 25:29–50, Serrano AE, Declarador RS, Tumbokon BLM ( 2015 ) proximate composition and apparent coefficient., species that have branched stolons, the Philippines Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with economic importance Codium... ( eds ) seaweed cultivation and marine ranching, warty and toothed towards tip. Content, log in to check access, Figs relationships of seaweeds, we look forward to unraveling and the! Priced ornamentals, some are used as food ) proximate composition and apparent digestibility coefficient Sargassum. Morphological characters for each species were laid out as vesicles tropical and subtropical.... Mon Hubilla and Napo Cayabyab density, growth, and snails are economically important and abundant in.. On ocean currents food in the 20 year period ( 1977-1996 ) showed that different regions in the 1950s... Crowding at its tip branched protuberances ( muricate ) ; crowded at the same time producing.! Ips Building, 50603. seaweeds ( 1800-1999 ) ) bed in Bolinao, Pangasinan,.... Four species exhibited different zonation, fertility patterns and seasonality in growth and shorter in! Some tips modified into discs for attachment College, La Jolla, CA, USA Philippines depends natural! Apparent, disappearing towards the tip, up to 41.5 cm long ; strongly flattened throughout...

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